Nodule weevils: ƙananan kwari na legumes

Marubucin labarin
Ra'ayoyin 7178
3 min. don karatu

Lokacin bazara shine lokacin zafi ga kowa da kowa. Wasu a wannan lokacin sun gwammace su bar rana. Amma akwai wadanda suke kare amfanin gona da himma daga kwari da yawa. Yawancin weevils a wannan lokacin suna fara farautar girbi mai yawa.

Nodule weevils: hoto

Bayanin nodule weevils

name: nodule weevils
Yaren Latin:Sitone

Class Kwari - Kwari
Kama:
Coleoptera - Coleoptera
Iyali:
Weevils ko giwaye - Curculionidae

Wuraren zama:filayen, steppes, lambunan kayan lambu
Mai haɗari ga:tsire-tsire na dangin legume
Hanyar halaka:naphthalene, Aktara, Decis, inji

Wakilan nodule weevils suna da bambanci sosai. Akwai nau'ikan su sama da 100. Dukan su kwari ne na legumes. Girman beetles shine daga 3 zuwa 7 mm.

Launuka na iya bambanta. An rufe yara da ma'auni, manya ba su da su. Launin kwaro ya fi sau da yawa launin ruwan kasa ko launin toka, da wuya baƙar fata. Ba sa raina ciyawar da aka noma da na daji.

Ga mafi yawancin, suna da ɗan gajeren proboscis da fuka-fuki masu kyau.

Cutarwar nodule weevils

Wakilan nodule weevils suna cin seedlings. Suna matukar sha'awar gefuna matasa na ganye. Kuma lokacin da ganye na farko ya bayyana, abincin ya fara. Tare da dumama, tsarin juyayi yana ci gaba, kuma watakila ma da cikakken lalata ganye.

Su ne zakara a cin abinci.

Zagayowar rayuwa da rarrabawa

Zagayowar rayuwa.

Zagayowar rayuwa.

Manya sun yi barci a inda suke ciyarwa. Tuni a farkon zafi na kimanin digiri 3-4 na zafi, sun farka. Lokacin sake matsugunin yana ɗaukar makonni 2-3 dangane da yanayin yanayi.

Bayan jima'i, macen fara wani m kwanciya na qwai. Ta sanya su a ƙasa, tsire-tsire da ciyawa. Idan aka yi ruwan sama, sai su fāɗi ƙasa.

Qwai suna tasowa a cikin mako guda idan yanayin zafin jiki ya wuce +28 digiri. Lokacin da yanayin ke ƙasa +8, to, tsutsa ba ta bayyana ba. Wasu ƙwayayen kuma suna mutuwa saboda rashin ɗanɗano.

Caterpillars shiga cikin tubers, ciyar a kan abinda ke ciki da kuma rayayye warke. Suna kai hari ga tubers bi da bi, suna motsawa zuwa tushen da kyallen takarda. Pupation yana faruwa a tsakiyar lokacin rani. Mako guda daga baya, matasa beetles bayyana, wanda massively ƙaura zuwa matasa harbe.

Akwai nodule weevil a cikin yankin Turai na Tarayyar Rasha. Wurin rarraba ya haɗa da:

  • Kudancin Siberiya;
  • Mongoliya;
  • Arewacin Afirka;
  • Caucasus;
  • Ukraine;
  • Kazakhstan
  • Asiya ta tsakiya;
  • Yammacin Turai.

Yadda ake ganowa da hana cizon sauro

A cikin bazara, ana gudanar da bincike don taimakawa wajen ƙayyade kasancewar da adadin maƙarƙashiya a kan shafin. Rigakafin bayyanar beetles sune hanyoyin da yawa:

Nodule weevil.

Nodule weevil.

  • lura da nisa tsakanin saukowa;
  • shuka a lokaci guda idan zai yiwu;
  • gudanar da aiki tsakanin layuka;
  • halaka ciyawa.

Matakan sarrafawa don nodule weevil

Don kawar da taro na nodule weevil beetles, ana amfani da sinadarai. Waɗannan magungunan kwari ne na asalin neonicotinoid. Organophosphorus da peritroids ma sun dace.

Ana kula da iri da Picus. Yana da tsarin kariya wanda ke kare iri da tushen daga nau'ikan kwari daban-daban na dogon lokaci. Ƙididdiga na musamman yana taimakawa samfurin ya zauna a kan yadudduka na dogon lokaci.

Yana yiwuwa a yi amfani da sunadarai a lokacin girma kakar. Don wannan, ana amfani da kwayoyi:

  • Vantex;
  • Clotiamet;
  • Lannat;
  • Tibor.

Rarraba nodule weevils

Nodule weevil.

Weevil a stock.

Sau da yawa nodule weevils ƙare a cikin granaries ko ma gidaje. A can suka lalata duk wani nau'in hannun jari. Don kawar da kwari a cikin dakin, kuna buƙatar warware duk hannun jari, jefar da duk samfuran da suka kamu da cutar.

Ana yin tsaftacewa gabaɗaya tare da cikakken tsaftacewa na duk ɗakunan ajiya da ɗakunan dafa abinci. Waɗannan samfuran da suke kusa dole ne a yi musu maganin zafi - daskare ko dumi.

More weevils a cikin Apartment da kuma hanyoyin da za a rabu da su a cikin labarin.

ƙarshe

Nodule weevils sune masu gajeriyar proboscis mai kauri da kauri, da kuma rashin gajiyawa. Suna iya cin ganyen legumes, su shiga gidaje da rumbuna. Don haka, suna buƙatar a yi yaƙi da su sosai.

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