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Rider wasp: ƙwari mai dogon wutsiya wanda ke rayuwa a kashe wasu

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Wasu ’yan iska ba sa gina gidajensu kuma ba sa yin saƙar zuma. Su ne parasites na sauran dabbobi. A cikinsu akwai masu amfani ga mutane, amma kaɗan ne daga cikinsu.

Wasps mahaya: cikakken bayanin

Masu hawan doki.

Mahayin wasp da katapillar.

Mahaya gabaɗayan infraorder ne na ƙanana da ƙananan kwari waɗanda suka gwammace su jagoranci salon rayuwa. Sunan su yana nufin yadda dabbar ke cutar da ganimarta.

Babban bambanci tsakanin mahaya da talakawa wasps shi ne maimakon hargitsi suna da ovipositor. Suna sanya ƙwai a jikin sauran dabbobin da suke ganima. Yana iya zama:

  • arthropods;
  • caterpillars;
  • beets;
  • kwari.

Nau'in ichneumon parasitic

Wasp wasps ko parasitic hymenoptera, wanda Wikipedia ya kira su, an raba su zuwa nau'i-nau'i da yawa, ya danganta da yadda suke cutar da masu masaukin su.

Ectoparasites. Sun fi so su zauna a waje da masu mallakar, waɗanda ke zaune a asirce.
Endoparasites. Waɗanda, tare da ovipositor, sa tsutsa a cikin runduna.
Superparasites. Waɗannan su ne waɗanda za su iya cutar da sauran ƙwayoyin cuta da tsutsansu.

parasites

Kyakkyawan misali na ƙwanƙwasa ƙwanƙwasa na sama shine tsutsanta a cikin gall. Suna shimfiɗa ƙuƙuka a cikin ganyen itacen oak, bayan haka an sami gall. Ana zabar hazelnutworm daga gall lokacin da aka shirya don saduwa da juna, kuma idan tsutsa ichneumon ta shiga cikinsa, to ya mutu a can.

Nau'o'in masu hawan doki

Akwai mahaya fiye da dubu ɗari. Amma a cikin yanayin yanayi na Tarayyar Rasha, ba haka ba ne na kowa. Suna da wuya sosai, don haka haɗuwa tare da nau'ikan nau'ikan ba a cika yin barazanar ba.

Mutillids

Wasps tare da kyan gani da launi mai haske. Suna parasitize sauran wasps, ƙudan zuma da kwari.

Mimarommatids

Mafi yawan jinsunan wasps waɗanda zasu iya haɓaka ko da a cikin yanayin subantarctic. Suna sanya ƙwai akan arthropods.

Chalcides

Yawaita masu yawa kuma mafi daraja. Ana amfani da su don kashe kwari a aikin gona.

Evaniodes

Tsarin su ya ɗan bambanta da na yau da kullun, ciki yana ɗan ɗagawa. Suna cutar da sauran ciyayi, kyankyasai da ƙudaje.

Thythia

Parasites da ke zaune a cikin symbiosis tare da wanda aka azabtar. Zai iya zama Mayu, dung beetles da sauran nau'in beetles.

Wasps mahaya da mutane

Mahayin wap.

Wasps-mahaya da gizo-gizo.

Mutane da yawa suna tsoron wasps kuma daidai ne, musamman ma waɗanda suka riga sun gamu da tsinke. Wasu mutane suna da haɗari ga allergies, don haka bayan cizo akwai itching da kumburi, a lokuta masu wuya, girgiza anaphylactic.

Masu hawan doki suna cusa wasu dafin a cikin abin da suke ganima don mayar da su marasa lahani na ɗan lokaci. A Rasha, babu daya daga cikin wadanda ke sanya ƙwai a ƙarƙashin fatar ɗan adam. Saboda haka, cizon zai zama ma kasa zafi fiye da na talakawa wasps.

Amma a kowane hali, yana da kyau kada ku shiga ciki. Lokacin tafiya, sanya rufaffiyar tufafi don kada a ji rauni. Kuma lokacin saduwa da Hymenoptera wanda ba a sani ba, yana da kyau a sha'awar daga nesa.

ƙarshe

Masu hawan gwangwani halittu ne masu ban mamaki. Suna sanya ƙwai a cikin wasu dabbobi kuma ta haka suna yada nau'in su. Ga mutane, ba sa ɗaukar wani lahani, kuma wasu suna girma musamman don lalata kwari.

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