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portal game da kwari da hanyoyin magance su

Hanyoyi 3 da aka tabbatar don magance caterpillars masu tsini a cikin greenhouse

Marubucin labarin
5971 ra'ayoyi
5 min. don karatu

Kowa ya san yawan lalacewar caterpillars zai iya yi a cikin greenhouse. Idan ba ku kawar da su cikin lokaci ba, kuna iya rasa amfanin gona. A cikin greenhouses, suna aiki musamman kuma suna da ƙarfi saboda yanayin jin daɗi.

Caterpillar da malam buɗe ido (hoto)

malam buɗe ido

Baligi shine malam buɗe ido maras ganewa. Ta kasance kamar asu. Girman ya bambanta tsakanin 3 - 4 cm. Butterflies suna da launin toka - launin ruwan kasa, kuma bugun jini da ratsi suna haifar da tsari a kan fuka-fuki.

Scoop caterpillar

Katar tana da haihuwa.

  1. Tana iya yin kwai kusan 500 a lokacin bazara. Wuraren masonry - furanni da ganye. Ƙwai suna lebur a ƙasa kuma a saman.
  2. A cikin yanayi mai dumi, za su iya girma a cikin kwanaki 2 zuwa 5, kuma a cikin yanayi mai sanyi - daga kwanaki 4 zuwa 10. Bayan ƙarshen ci gaba, sun zauna a cikin ƙasa.
  3. Lokacin pupation da wintering fara. Tsawon rayuwar manya yana daga kwanaki 20 zuwa 40.
  4. Ci gaba yana ɗaukar kwanaki 20. Jiki tsirara yana da launin toka, rawaya-kore, launin ruwan kasa. Kwaro yana da tsayi kuma babba. Wani lokaci tsawon ya kai 2 cm.

Ganin kwari ba shi da sauƙi. Active caterpillars da malam buɗe ido na musamman da dare.

Caterpillar a saman tumatir.

Caterpillar a saman tumatir.

Scoops sosai lalata greenhouse tumatir. Suna cin saman, buds, tumatir. Suna tara ramuka suna zama a ciki. Kada mutane su cinye kayan lambu da abin ya shafa. Suna kuma son cin eggplant, kabeji, barkono.

A dumi da kuma m greenhouse yanayi ne sosai m ga kwari. A yanayin zafi ƙasa da digiri 10, kwari suna mutuwa. Duk da haka, ƙwai suna iya tsira daga sanyin hunturu a saman saman duniya.

Cire ruwan 'ya'yan itace ba shine kawai matsalar da caterpillars ke haifarwa ba. Suna ɗauke da cututtuka. Ana danne shukar. Ba ya kara girma. Ba za a ci 'ya'yan itatuwa ba.

Bayyanar kwari a cikin greenhouses

Ta wasu alamu, zaku iya fahimtar cewa kwari sun bayyana:

  • a cikin ƙananan sassan ganye zaka iya ganin ƙananan mutane da manya;
  • na saman ganyen an rufe shi da farin "foda", daga baya ganyen zai zama baki;
    Yadda za a magance caterpillar a cikin greenhouse.

    Scoops suna cin saman da 'ya'yan itace.

  • bushewa da karkatar da saman yana faruwa;
  • tumatir suna da farin nama maras ci;
  • saman tare da "cizo", gefuna marasa daidaituwa, aibobi;
  • tumatir tare da gnawed ramuka, kwari ciki.

Ana iya ganin cutworm da kyau sosai, kuma ana iya gano farin kuɗa ta hanyar girgiza shuka.

Bayyanar kwari yana faruwa ta hanyoyi da yawa.

  1. Wani babban kwari yana tashi zuwa cikin greenhouse kuma yana yin ƙwai.
  2. Har ila yau, a cikin ƙasa da aka kawo cikin greenhouse, pupae da larvae na iya zama.

A cikin yanayi mai dumi, za su iya ninka cikin sauri.

Yadda za a magance caterpillars a cikin greenhouse

Tabbatar samun iska a cikin greenhouse. Wannan zai tabbatar da al'ada wurare dabam dabam na oxygen da kuma rashin condensate. Kwari sun fi son shuka mai kauri sosai. Wajibi ne a yi weeding na yau da kullum da kuma kawar da tsofaffin ƙananan rassan da kuma harbe-harbe da ba dole ba.

Akwai hanyoyi da yawa don kawar da kwari.

Chemical

Magungunan kashe qwari suna da tasiri sosai a cikin wannan lamarin. Amma suna haifar da haɗari ga tsire-tsire da mutane. Cikakken fitar da magungunan kashe qwari yana ɗaukar kwanaki 20 zuwa 30. Yana da kyau a lissafta lokacin girbi da ake sa ran.

Maganin kwari shine matsananciyar maganin matsalar. Abubuwa masu guba suna taruwa. Suna iya shayarwa a cikin ƙarnuka da yawa na shuka. Mafi saurin janyewa shine na magunguna tare da aji na haɗari na 4. Wadannan sun hada da "Aktofit", "Lepidocid", "Fitoverm", "Agravertin".

Ana kula da su da na'urar numfashi, kayan kariya, safar hannu mai kauri da tabarau. A lokaci guda kuma, ana buɗe kofofin kuma ana aiwatar da sarrafa su cikin sauri.

Ana ɗaukar waɗannan magunguna na duniya:

Mutane

Hanyoyin jama'a suna da tasiri a matakin farko na bayyanar kwari.

Tafarnuwa

An yanka kan tafarnuwa da kyau kuma a zuba a cikin wani saucepan (juzu'in 1 l). Zuba ruwan zãfi a dage har tsawon kwanaki 3. Sannan a zuba rabin gilashi a cikin guga na ruwa. Fesa shuka.

Wormwood

Ana zuba tsutsar da aka yanka a cikin guga. Ya kamata a shagaltar da kashi na uku na tanki. Cika da ruwa. Tafasa na rabin sa'a. Nace kwana 2, tace. Ana sarrafa ganye da kara.

Taba da shag

Shag kuma zai taimaka. Ana zuba shag (300g) a cikin guga na ruwan zafi. Nace kwana 1. Fesa shuka. Bisa ga ka'ida guda, ana kuma fesa jiko na taba.

Sabulun wanki

Ana narkar da sabulun wanki a cikin ruwa kuma a yi masa bulala a cikin kumfa mai kauri. Ana tattara kumfa tare da soso kuma a yi amfani da ganye a bangarorin biyu. Wannan abun da ke ciki ya kasance a kan ganye kuma baya barin kwari su ci.

Salt

Maganin Saline na iya lalata caterpillar. Don yin wannan, tsoma gishiri a cikin ruwan dumi. Duk da haka, yawancin girke-girke na lambu suna yawanci "ta ido".

saman

Tushen dankalin turawa na ɗaya daga cikin mafi inganci magunguna. Ana ƙara ɓangaren kore a cikin ruwa daidai da 1:10. Karewa tayi tace. Ƙara sabulun wanki kaɗan da motsawa.

Dole ne a ƙara sabulun wanki zuwa kowane kayan da aka shirya. Wannan yana ba da gudummawa ga tsayin aiki akan zanen gado. Shafa yawanci kashi uku na sandunan sabulu. Sannan ana motsa sabulun da aka shafa a sarrafa shi. Fesa a kan dukan tsawon. Amma ana biyan kulawa ta musamman ga ƙananan ɓangaren ganye.

Kama kwari

Yadda za a rabu da scoops a cikin wani greenhouse.

Tarko-koto.

Hakanan ya dace don amfani da fumigator da tarkuna. Yawancin lokaci ana zaɓar kwali mai launin rawaya kuma ana shafa zuma, mai kauri, jelly na man fetur, manne lambun. Caterpillars ba su da sha'awar irin wannan koto. Butterflies ne kawai ke faɗuwa.

Kuna iya tono akwati tare da compote ko kvass a cikin ƙasa. Ƙanshi mai daɗi zai jawo hankalin kwari. Burdock tincture shine babban zaɓi. An yanke burdock kuma an ƙara shi cikin ruwa. Kare kwanaki 4. Ki tace ki kara aske sabulu.

Hanyoyin rigakafi

Magance kwaro ba abu ne mai sauƙi haka ba. Yana da kyau a guje wa bayyanar kwari. Don wannan, ana yin rigakafin rigakafin kowace shekara:

  • bayan karshen kakar wasa, tabbatar da tattara duk ragowar kuma ku ƙone;
  • a cikin kaka sukan tono ƙasan greenhouse sosai. Cire ƙasa fiye da 15 cm kuma canza zuwa ƙasa mai sabo;
  • disinfect ƙasa, shayar da shi da ruwan zãfi ko potassium permanganate;
  • tono lokaci-lokaci don kada ciyayi;
  • ana shayar da tsire-tsire a ƙarƙashin tushen da safe don danshi ya ƙafe har zuwa maraice;
  • a gaban tsire-tsire masu tsire-tsire, suna sanya gidajen sauro ko rataye gauze, labulen tulle;
  • sarrafa tare da taimakon "Decis", "Citcor" tare da hutu na kwanaki 7.

ƙarshe

Babu wanda ke da kariya daga mamayewar caterpillars a cikin greenhouse. Kowane lambu zai iya zaɓar kowace hanya don lalata kwari. Duk da haka, rigakafin zai hana matsaloli.

A baya
rodentsHanyoyi 6 don magance moles a cikin greenhouse
Na gaba
ButterfliesFarin Kabeji: Hanyoyi 6 don magance malam buɗe ido da katar kabeji
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